Answered By: Rebecca Mackle
Last Updated: May 18, 2018     Views: 26700

You should use the name of the company as the corporate author ('Information Sciences Institute') as it is clearly listed at the beginning of the document. Details on how to reference an online document by a corporate author can be found within the Harvard Referencing guide.

The example given by the guide regarding in text citation is:

Corporate authors - If the work is by a recognized organization and has no personal author then it is usually cited under the body that commissioned the work. This applies to publications by associations, companies, government departments etc. such as Department of the Environment or Royal College of Nursing.

It is acceptable to use standard abbreviations for these bodies, e.g. RCN, in your text, providing that the full name is given at the first citing with the abbreviation in brackets: 1st citation: ... following major pioneering research in 2006 undertaken by the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) it has been shown that ... 2nd citation: More recently the RCN (2007) has issued guidelines for...

Note that the full name is the preferred format in the reference list. These should provide the full name... Royal College of Nursing, 2006. Children in the Community. London: RCN.

Some reports are written by specially convened groups or committees and can be cited by the name of the committee: Committee on Nursing (1972) Note there are some exceptions to this such as: BBC Philharmonic Orchestra BBC News where the abbreviations or initials form part of the official name.

Referencing e-versions requires you to include the web address and date accessed within the reference. The example given by the guide is:

The required elements for an e-version are: Authorship/Organisation, Year. Full title of report. [type of medium] Place: Publisher: Available at: include web address/URL [Accessed on date].

Example: Department of Health, 2001. National service framework for older people. [pdf] London: Department of Health. Available at: [Accessed 12 September 2011].

For more information, please use the Anglia Ruskin Harvard Guide

Comments (2)

  1. How do I reference a journal through an online library? It ends up as a pdf but do I reference as a pdf or as an ejournal?
    by Maxine L on Nov 10, 2018.
  2. Reference an e-journal article as print if it is also available in a print version of the journal. This is usually the case where you access an article in pdf format and it uses sequential journal page numbers.

    Perry, C., 2001. What health care assistants know about clean hands.
    Nursing Times, 97(22), pp.63-64.
    by Judith Wells on Dec 12, 2018.